Modern businesses tend to rely heavily on technology to support their day to day activities and provide competitive advantages. Leveraging technology to gain the upper hand can be a great decision but it can create some additional risks that must be properly managed. Adopting a good cybersecurity risk management program will help you methodically identify and model risks so you can safely and securely exploit digital technologies.
There are 3 main principles of a cybersecurity risk management program: Risk Analysis, Risk Assessment and Risk Mitigation. Risk Analysis is the process by which you identify and analyze all the potential threats and analysing how vulnerable your organization is to these threats. Once you identify which risks are relevant to your business, a Risk Assessment focuses on the risks that both internal and external threats pose to your data availability, confidentiality, and integrity. Once you’ve analyzed your risks and assessed their potential impact, you can then build a Risk Mitigation strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of these threats to your business. There are 4 strategies to mitigate risks: Avoid, Reduce, Transfer and Assume.
Some risks just aren’t worth taking on at all. There are many situations that could have associated risks that far outweigh the potential gain. In these cases, it makes the most sense to change your plans completely and avoid taking on such activities. Suppose you were starting up a white-water rafting company and couldn’t afford enough lifejackets for all your explorers. Would you selectively hand out the lifejackets to just the clumsy ones because they are the most likely to go for a swim? In the cyber world, this would be equivalent to starting an online store without a proper web application firewall. Although you may get away with it for a while, you just shouldn’t do it!
To reduce the risk does not necessarily mean to eliminate the risk. When asked, many people view all risks as bad and you should avoid taking on any risk. However, not taking any risk may mean losing out on opportunities and preventing you from maximizing your gains. You don’t want to eliminate all risk; you want to reduce the risk to a level that is acceptable to senior management and aligned you’re your company goals. This is considered residual risk and exists in every business. For example, if you are in the lending business, you wouldn’t lend money to people without first doing a credit check. Again, to draw a parallel to the cyber world, this would be like allowing any computer on your network without first validating patch levels and end point protection. This would expose you to all kinds of unwanted threats and increasing your risk to unacceptable levels.
A growing trend in risk mitigation is to transfer the risk to a 3rd party via contract or policy. As companies rely more and more on contractors and vendors, transferring the risk and liability is becoming a more common scenario. Examples are outsourcing your cyber security program to a Managed Security Service Provider (MSSP) and purchasing Cyber Insurance from an insurance company. With all the breaches hitting the news on a regular basis and countless others that aren’t getting reported to the media, purchasing Cyber Insurance is becoming a necessary part of life like purchasing home or auto insurance. You can’t predict and mitigate every threat so purchasing insurance is a great way to protect your business against the cost of recovery from a cyber attack. Stats say it will happen so its best to be prepared!
There are some circumstances that the risks are well known and the cost or effort to protect, mitigate or insure far outweigh the cost and impact of any remediation. In these cases, accepting the risk may be your best option. This option comes with a very large caveat, you’d better have a good understanding of the risk and the potential impact if it gets exploited. This isn’t the residual risks that we talked about in prior sections. This is the choice to forgo any efforts to address a particular risk and senior management has decided that the risk can be documented and assumed. As a cybersecurity manager you will want to document the heck out of this one and make sure you get clear signoff. All too often, the cost to react to a critical situation is far more expensive and impactful than anticipated. This could be the riskiest of the options and could end up being the most expensive if you aren’t careful.
Every business has risk. Building a proper Cyber Risk Management program doesn’t have to be difficult or expensive. A good program will take into consideration your business goals, objective and budgets. If you would like more information about protecting your business, please contact Dream Technologies Solutions. We’re here to help!